Damage Assessment

Damage assessment is the process for determining the nature and extent of the loss, suffering, potential harm to a community, resulting from a natural, accidental or human caused disaster.

Conducting damage assessment following an incident to produce data to help decision makers at the local, state, and federal level do the following:

  • Identify unmet needs of survivors and communities
  • Evaluate impact for the public, elected officials and the media.
  • Engage state and local recovery partners for resources
  • Justification for disaster declaration
  • Evaluate applicability of state or federal supplemental assistance by providing data regarding
    • Damage to the private sector- Individual Assistance
    • Damage to the public sector- Public Assistance

Damage assessment provides estimates on numbers of displaced persons, person in shelters, persons injured, fatalities and structural losses.

Structural losses are evaluated on 4 criteria:

  • Destroyed: Total loss, permanently uninhabitable
  • Major: uninhabitable, extensive repairs required that will take more than 30 days to complete
  • Minor: uninhabitable, repairs can be completed in less than 30 days
  • Affected: no structural damage, habitable without repairs

Damage assessment also provides information regarding future hazard mitigation projects


If you are a resident, please reach out to your city or township for assistance.

If your community needs damage assessment after an incident, please fill out the form below.


For questions, please email EMAPlans@summitoh.net